Evolution Of Indian Banking System

From the last two centuries in the Indian banking system has seen many types of development. In ancient time the Indian banking system was also being carried out by the mostly Businessman of India called as Chettis, Mahajanas, Sharoffs, Seths, And Sahukars. In ancient time the rich peoples of India also give money on interest rates to craftsman black Smith, small shopkeepers, traders and to other peoples and sometimes the rich people’s placed some money at the disposal of kings for any type of emergencies or wars. The rich peoples of india give this money to peoples with interest rate which at present time an important and main function of all types of banks.

In the last decides of 18th century the modern banking is originated in India. The first bank named as the general Bank of India was started in the year of 1786. And the another named is Bank of Hindustan. After sometime there are three banks started in India such as Bank of Bengal, Bank of Bombay, Bank of Madras. The bank of Bengal that was started in the year of 1806 from the other name of bank of Kolkata. And after sometime in the year of 1809 this bank was also known from the name of Bank of Bengal. Bank of Madras and the Bank of Bombay were set up . In the year of 1925 the three banks were merged from the name of Imperial Bank of India.

In the year of 1839 the mostly merchants of india established a bank in Kolkata named as Union Bank. But the Union Bank failed in the year of 1848 from the consequence of the economic crisis in the year of 1848 1849. After sometime in the year of 1863 a Upper Indian named Bank was established but it was also failed in the year of 1913 from many types of unknown reasons.

In the year of 1865 a bank was established named as Allahabad  Bank  which was the oldest survived Bank of India. After sometime in the year of 1881 in Faizabad a bank was established name as Oudh commercial bank. After many years of time a bank was established in the year of 1895 in Lahore named as Punjab National Bank. At present time Punjab National Bank is very popular and was also known with another name of PNB. There are many branches of Punjab National Bank in all over India. At present time Punjab National Bank the popular Bank of India.

During the time of 1906 to 1911 a movement starts in India at this time named as Swadeshi movement that inspired political figures businessman and other peoples to found various types of banks for yourself and for Indian peoples. After many years from the effect of Swadeshi movement there are many banks established in India such as Bank of Baroda, Bank of India, Canara Bank, Central Bank of India, Corporation Bank etc.

After sometime in the year of 1934 is a major Landmark took place in Indian banking history when a decision was taken by the Indian government to established a bank named as a Reserve Bank of India. The functioning of Reserve Bank of India started in in the year of 1935. At present time Reserve Bank of India is called as the central bank of country. Reserve Bank of India is the largest bank of India. Reserve Bank of India has minimum branches from the comparison of others Bank in India because Reserve Bank of India is a country and national level Bank.

There is a list of Banks in India

Public sectors Banks in India

1. State Bank of India (SBI)
2. Punjab National Bank (PNB)
3. Bank of Baroda (BOB)
4. Canara Bank
5. Union Bank of India
6. Bank of India (BOI)
7. Indian Bank
8. Central Bank of India
9. Indian Overseas Bank (IOB)
10. UCO Bank
11. Bank of Maharashtra
12. Punjab & Sind Bank
13. Allahabad Bank
14. Andhra Bank
15. Corporation Bank
16. Syndicate Bank
17. Oriental Bank of Commerce
18. United Bank of India
19. Bank of Rajasthan
20. Dena Bank
21. Vijaya Bank
22. IDBI Bank
23. Bank of Tamil Nadu
24. Federal Bank
25. Karnataka Bank
26. South Indian Bank
27. Jammu & Kashmir Bank
28. Karur Vysya Bank

List of Private-sector banks in India

1. HDFC Bank
2. ICICI Bank
3. Axis Bank
4. Kotak Mahindra Bank
5. Yes Bank
6. IndusInd Bank
7. Federal Bank
8. Bandhan Bank
9. RBL Bank
11. City Union Bank
12. Karur Vysya Bank
13. South Indian Bank
14. Tamilnad Mercantile Bank
15. Karnataka Bank
16. Catholic Syrian Bank
17. Lakshmi Vilas Bank
18. Dhanlaxmi Bank
19. Nainital Bank
20. Jammu & Kashmir Bank
21. The Shamrao Vithal Co-operative Bank
22. Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank
23. Utkarsh Small Finance Bank
24. Suryoday Small Finance Bank
25. Ujjivan Small Finance Bank
26. Equitas Small Finance Bank
27. AU Small Finance Bank
28. Jana Small Finance Bank
29. Capital Small Finance Bank
30. ESAF Small Finance Bank
31. Fincare Small Finance Bank
32. Equitas Small Finance Bank
33. Janalakshmi Small Finance Bank
34. Chaitanya India Fin Credit
35. North East Small Finance Bank

List of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) in India

1. Chaitanya Godavari Gramin Bank
2. Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank
3. Saptagiri Gramin Bank
4. Andhra Pragathi Grameena Bank
5. Arunachal Pradesh Rural Bank
6. Assam Gramin Vikash Bank
7. Dakshin Bihar Gramin Bank
8. Uttar Bihar Gramin Bank
9. Chhattisgarh Rajya Gramin Bank
10. Saurashtra Gramin Bank
11. Baroda Gujarat Gramin Bank
12. Sarva Haryana Gramin Bank
13. Himachal Pradesh Gramin Bank
14. Ellaquai Dehati Bank
15. Jammu And Kashmir Grameen Bank
16. Jharkhand Rajya Gramin Bank
17. Karnataka Gramin Bank
18. Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank
19. Kerala Gramin Bank
20. Madhyanchal Gramin Bank
21. Madhya Pradesh Gramin Bank
22. Maharashtra Gramin Bank
23. Vidarbha Konkan Gramin Bank
24. Manipur Rural Bank
25. Meghalaya Rural Bank
26. Mizoram Rural Bank
27. Nagaland Rural Bank
28. Utkal Grameen Bank
29. Odisha Gramya Bank
30. Puduvai Bharathiar Grama Bank
31. Punjab Gramin Bank
32. Rajasthan Marudhara Gramin Bank
33. Baroda Rajasthan Kshetriya Gramin Bank
34. Tamil Nadu Grama Bank
35. Telangana Grameena Bank
36. Tripura Gramin Bank
37. Prathama UP Gramin Bank
38. Aryavart Bank
39. Uttarakhand Gramin Bank
40. Paschim Banga Gramin Bank
41. Bangiya Gramin Vikash Bank
42. Uttarabanga Kshetriya Gramin Bank

List of State Co-operative Banks in India

1. The Andaman and Nicobar State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
2. The Andhra Pradesh State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
3. The Arunachal Pradesh State Co-operative Apex Bank Ltd.
4. The Assam Co-operative Apex Bank Ltd.
5. The Bihar State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
6. The Chandigarh State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
7. The Chhattisgarh RajyaSahakari Bank Maryadit
8. The Delhi State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
9. The Goa State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
10. The Gujarat State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
11. The Haryana State Co-operative Apex Bank Ltd.
12. The Himachal Pradesh State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
13. The Jammu and Kashmir State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
14. The Jharkhand State cooperative bank ltd.
15. The Karnataka State Co-operative Apex Bank Ltd.
16. The Kerala State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
17. The Madhya Pradesh Rajya Sahakari Bank Maryadit
18. The Maharashtra State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
19. The Manipur State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
20. The Meghalaya Co-operative Apex Bank Ltd.
21. The Mizoram Co-operative Apex Bank Ltd.
22. The Nagaland State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
23. The Orissa State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
24. The Pondichery State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
25. The Punjab State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
26. The Rajasthan State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
27. The Sikkim State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
28. The Tamil Nadu State Apex Co-operative Bank Ltd.
29. The Telangana State Cooperative Apex Bank Ltd.
30. The Tripura State Co-operative Bank Ltd.
31. The Uttar Pradesh Co-operative Bank Ltd.
32. The Uttaranchal Rajya Sahakari Bank Ltd.
33. The West Bengal State Co-operative Bank Ltd.

List of Scheduled Urban Co-operative Banks in India

1. Abhyudaya Co-operative Bank Ltd.
2. Apna Sahakari Bank Ltd.
3. Ahmedabad Mercantile Co-Op Bank Ltd.
4. Amanath Co-operative Bank Ltd.
5. Andhra Pradesh Mahesh Co-Op Urban Bank Ltd.
6. Bassein Catholic Co-operative Bank Ltd.
7. Bharat Co-operative Bank (Mumbai) Ltd.
8. Bharati Sahakari Bank Limited
9. Bombay Mercantile Co-operative Bank Limited
10. Buldana Urban Cooperative Credit Society
11. Charminar Co-operative Urban Bank Ltd.
12. Citizen Credit Co-operative Bank Ltd.
13. Cosmos Co-operative Bank Ltd.
14. Dombivli Nagari Sahakari Bank Ltd.
15. Darrusalam Co-operative Bank Ltd.
16. Goa Urban Co-operative Bank Limited
17. Gopinath Patil Parsik Janata Sahakari Bank Ltd.
18. Greater Bombay Co-operative Bank Limited
19. Indian Mercantile Co-operative Bank Ltd.
20. Jalgaon Janata Sahakari Bank Ltd.
21. Janakalyan Sahakari Bank Ltd.
22. Janalaxmi Co-operative Bank Ltd.
23. Janata Sahakari Bank Ltd.
24. Kallappanna Awade Ichalkaranji Janata Sahakari Bank Ltd.
25. Kalupur Commercial Co-Op. Bank Ltd.
26. Kalyan Janata Sahakari Bank Ltd.
27. Karad Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd.
28. Madhavpura Mercantile Cooperative Bank Ltd.
29. Mahanagar Co-operative Bank Ltd.
30. Mapusa Urban Co-operative Bank of Goa Ltd.
31. Mehsana Urban Co-Op Bank Ltd.
32. Nagar Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd.
33. Nagpur Nagrik Sahakari Bank Ltd.
34. Nasik Merchant’s Co-operative Bank Ltd.
35. New India Co-operative Bank Ltd.
36. NKGSB Co-operative Bank Ltd.
37. Nutan Nagarik Sahakari Bank Ltd.
38. Pravara Sahakari Bank Ltd.
39. Punjab and Maharashtra Co-operative Bank Ltd.
40. Rajkot Nagrik Sahakari Bank Ltd.
41. Rohtak Co-Operative Bank Ltd.
42. Rupee Co-operative Bank Ltd.
43. Sangli Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd.
44. Saraswat Co-operative Bank Ltd.
45. Sardar Bhiladwala Pardi Peoples Coop Bank Ltd.
46. Shamrao Vithal Co-operative Bank Ltd.
47. Shikshak Sahakari Bank Ltd.
48. Solapur Janata Sahakari Bank Ltd.
49. The Sonipat Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd.
50. Surat Peoples Coop Bank Ltd.
51. Thane Bharat Sahakari Bank Ltd.
52. Thane Janata Sahakari Bank
53. The Akola Janata Commercial Co-operative Bank Ltd.
54. The Akola Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd.
55. The Panipat Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd.
56. The Kapol Co-operative Bank Ltd.
57. The Khamgaon Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd.
58. Vasavi Coop Urban Bank Limited
59. Vidyasagar Cooperative Bank Limited, Midnapore
60. Zoroastrian Co-operative Bank Ltd.

List of Foreign Banks in India

1. Australia & New Zealand Banking Group
2. Westpac
3. Bank of Bahrain and Kuwait
4. AB Bank
5. Sonali Bank
6. Bank of Nova Scotia
7. Bank of China
8. Industrial & Commercial Bank of China
9. Danske Bank
10. Saxo Bank
11. Barclays
12. HSBC Bank India
13. Standard Chartered Bank
14. BNP Paribas
15. Société Générale
16. Crédit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank
17. Deutsche Bank
18. Bank Maybank Indonesia
19. Mizuho Corporate Bank
20. MUFG Bank
21. Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation
23. Rabobank
24. Doha Bank
25. Qatar National Bank
26. Sberbank
27. NatWest Group
28. United Overseas Bank
29. FirstRand Bank
30. Industrial Bank of Korea
31. KEB Hana Bank
32. Kookmin Bank
33. Shinhan Bank
34. Woori Bank
35. Bank of Ceylon
36. Handelsbanken
37. Credit Suisse
38. CTBC Bank
39. Krung Thai Bank
40. Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank
41. Emirates NBD
42. First Abu Dhabi Bank
43. American Express
44. Citibank
45. Bank of America
46. JPMorgan Chase

List of Foreign banks with Offices

1. Access Bank
2. Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria
3. Banco BPM
4. Banco de Sabadell
5. Bank of Montreal
6. Bank of Taiwan
7. Busan Bank
8. Caixa Geral de Depositos
9. Credit Industriel et Commercial
10. DNB Bank
11. DZ Bank
12. Gazprombank
13. Intesa Sanpaolo
14. National Australia Bank
15. Natixis
16. Raiffeisen Bank International
17. Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken
18. The Bank of New York Mellon
19. Toronto Dominion Bank
20. UBS AG
21. Wells Fargo Bank
22. Zurcher Kantonalbank

List of Payments banks in India

1. Airtel Payments Bank
2. India Post Payments Bank
3. Paytm Payments Bank
4. Jio Payments Bank
5. Fino Payments Bank
6. NSDL Payments Bank

List of Small Finance Banks in India

1. AU Small Finance Bank
2. Equitas Small Finance Bank
3. Ujjivan Small Finance Bank
4. ESAF Small Finance Bank
5. Jana Small Finance Bank
6. Utkarsh Small Finance Bank
7. Suryoday Small Finance Bank
8. Fincare Small Finance Bank
9. North East Small Finance Bank

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